For a farmer new
to poultry farming, making the right choice in selecting the breed
to rear is the key factor in determining whether your investment
will be profitable or will go down the drain!
In Kenya and generally
within the Eastern African region, the following are the common
Kienyeji chicken breeds available in the market:-
All the above breeds
have been hailed as Kienyeji chicken in Kenya. The key question
however then for an ordinary farmer is….which breed should
they choose / keep and why?
Often, most farmers
when they are starting out rely on information available on social
blogs, various social media platforms e.g. on Facebook, non-expert
advice from friends and family and in some cases also depend on
a chick vendor / agrovet for advice. Unfortunately though, most
of these sources often do not offer comparative expert advice
and most farmers have ended up making meager earnings from their
ventures or worse, counting heavy losses resulting from choosing
the wrong breed.
We at HOMERANGE
have taken a step to give expert advice on this subject matter
to assist all farmers in their maiden ventures into poultry farming.
FACTORS THAT DETERMINE CHOICE OF KIENYEJI CHICKEN BREED TO REAR:
The foremost factor to be considered when choosing the Kienyeji
chicken breed to keep is the intended purpose. For what purpose
do you intend to keep the chicken? Is it for meat only, eggs only
or a combination of both meat and eggs?
Always choose a
breed that is versatile and that can provide both meat and eggs.
This assures the farmer versatility in the event that their original
intended business focus fails and they have to result to a second
plan. For instance, a farmer may have wanted to focus on producing
eggs for sale, only to realize that the demand for eggs within
their locality is low, while the demand for meat is higher. In
such a case, where the breed kept is dual-purpose i.e. is good
for both production of meat and eggs, the farmer can re-organise
themselves and sell the same chicken for meat. The vice-versa
is equally plausible.
COST OF PRODUCTION:
The basic premise of business is to make a profit. A profit is
made when a sale is made at a price higher than the cost of producing
the product. With relation to poultry, a critical factor often
ignored by most farmers starting out on their poultry investment
dream is the cost of rearing their chicken.
Most farmers often
are misled to focus on supposedly ‘high’ market price
or imaginary demand for a particular breed which they rush to
invest in and keep only for that breed to end of costing a lot
especially in feeding and the farmer ends up with a tiny profit
or worse simply breaking even. Instances do also occur where the
farmers runs into a total loss!
for 70 – 80% of total poultry production cost and it is
thus very critical for the farmer to choose a breed that consumes
the least possible but at the same time whose products fetches
a high and stable market price. This is a sure recipe for profit!!
Above (Fig. 1) is
a comprehensive (and factual) comparison between the poultry breeds
of kari improved Kienyeji chicken, kuroiler improved Kienyeji
chicken, kenbro Kienyeji chicken and rainbow rooster. The information
provided herein has been computed from material and resources
provided by the primary breed producers. This is to ensure the
highest accuracy of the information herein provided: